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Prevalence and determinants of stereotypic behaviours and ...

Hence, to reduce their stereotype, especially in middle-aged class, where it is the highest (i) the existing zoos with enclosures smaller than suggested by CZA need to enlarge their size, wherever possible, (ii) middle-aged tigers be provided with the largest enclosures available at the zoo, and (iii) since felids are crepuscular and nocturnal ...

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Waste problem in European Union and its influence on waste ...

Furthermore, the efforts to reduce waste significantly influenced only recycling behaviour while attitude to resource efficiency insignificantly determined all waste management behaviours, revealing that people in the EU have a lack of knowledge about the relationship between waste reduction .

The Effect of Tick Size on Volatility, Trader Behavior ...

tick size reduction is directly related to the amount of tick-induced rounding prior to the reduction and that this can occur in stocks without tick-induced lower bounds on observed spreads. Our results are consistent with the predictions of our model. We also examine the impact of a tick size reduction on trader behavior.

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Power Over Addiction: A Harm Reduction Workbook for ...

Apr 10, 2018 · Power Over Addiction: A Harm Reduction Workbook for Changing Your Relationship with Drugs [Jennifer Fernandez PhD] on Amazon. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Recovery from addiction is not a one-size-fits-all approach. If your previous attempts to stop drug or alcohol use have failed or if you want to learn to manage your use rather than abstain

Study looking at natural behaviours of lab rats wins ...

Study looking at natural behaviours of lab rats wins international 3Rs prize Wednesday 08 March 2017 A paper investigating the welfare of laboratory rats is the winner of the 2016 3Rs prize, which is awarded by the UK's National Centre for the 3Rs (NC3Rs) and sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).

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Harm reduction: An approach to reducing risky health ...

Harm reduction can be described as a strategy directed toward individuals or groups that aims to reduce the harms associated with certain behaviours. When applied to substance abuse, harm reduction accepts that a continuing level of drug use (both licit and illicit) in society is inevitable and defines objectives as reducing adverse consequences.

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How to Calculate Percentage Reduction | Sciencing

Apr 30, 2018 · Calculating percentage change or reduction helps put different shifts into perspective. For example, a $5,000 salary cut wouldn't be a big deal for a Fortune 500 executive, but it'd be a big deal for someone making $25,000 a year because it represents 20 percent of their entire salary.

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(PDF) Carbon Reduction Intentions and Behaviours for ...

Encountered unrecognisable carbon reduction information and reasons to learn more 3.3 Discrepancies in Carbon Reduction Intentions and Behaviours Seven types of carbon reduction information (refer to Table A1) were used in the questionnaire to reveal what respondents had searched for.

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Towards an Understanding of Stereotypic Behaviour in ...

Stereotypic behaviour is an abnormal behaviour frequently seen in laboratory primates. It is considered an indication of poor psychological well-being in these animals. As it is seen in captive animals but not in wild animals, attention has been focused on the situations in which this behaviour develops. However, the emphasis of research has been on reducing or eliminating established ...

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Dementia - behaviour changes - Better Health Channel

Dementia can cause changes in the behaviour of friends and loved ones. Such changes are very common, but they can place enormous stress on families and carers. Understanding why someone is behaving in a particular way may help families and carers to .

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Diabetes risk reduction behaviours of rural postpartum ...

Conclusions: Readiness to engage in behaviour change was high among this group of rural women for all three diabetes risk reduction behaviours measured. However, despite a high proportion of women meeting activity targets and reducing fat intake, the majority of women remained overweight or obese.

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A review of effective interventions for reducing ...

Aug 12, 2008 · Mean effect sizes across interventions, expressed as odds ratios (OR), were +1.70 for reductions in sexual recidivism, equivalent to a 37% reduction relative to comparison samples, +1.90 for violent recidivism (44% reduction) and +1.67 for general recidivism (31% reduction).

Chapter 15 - Differential Reinforcement Flashcards | Quizlet

Continuous reinforcement for the desirable behavior is used in the early stages of DRA. However, once the desirable behavior is occurring consistently and the undesirable behaviors occur rarely, if at all, you should start to thin the schedule of reinforcement and reinforce the desirable behavior intermittently.

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Size reduction effect on the critical behavior near the ...

Size reduction effect on the critical behavior near the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition temperature in La 0.9 Sr 0.1 MnO 3 nanoparticles Author links open overlay panel H. Baaziz a A. Tozri a E. Dhahri a E.K. Hlil b

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Interventions designed to reduce sedentary behaviours in ...

behaviour were associated with a reduction in time spent in these behaviours and/or improvements in anthropometric mea-surements such as body mass index (BMI) and body fat percent-age (BF%). Where the effect size was reported, there was a small but significant effect in favour of sedentary behaviour reduction for intervention groups.

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Nanoparticle-induced unusual melting and solidification ...

Jan 18, 2017 · The measured and predicted MZ depth and HAZ size of Ni and Ni/Al 2 O 3 are plotted as functions of pulse energy in Fig. 8. The MZ and HAZ are enlarged for both materials as .

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Harm reduction: An approach to reducing risky health ...

Harm reduction can be described as a strategy directed toward individuals or groups that aims to reduce the harms associated with certain behaviours. When applied to substance abuse, harm reduction accepts that a continuing level of drug use (both licit and illicit) in society is inevitable and defines objectives as reducing adverse consequences.

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Towards an Understanding of Stereotypic Behaviour in ...

Towards an Understanding of Stereotypic Behaviour in Laboratory Macaques. Five cage sizes were used in this experiment (see Figure 1). After 48 hours, the most restrictive cage (Size 0) was slightly enlarged to allow the animals to move more freely. This cage size was also larger for .

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Towards an Understanding of Stereotypic Behaviour in ...

Stereotypic behaviour is an abnormal behaviour frequently seen in laboratory primates. It is considered an indication of poor psychological well-being in these animals. As it is seen in captive animals but not in wild animals, attention has been focused on the situations in which this behaviour develops. However, the emphasis of research has been on reducing or eliminating established ...

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Brief guide: Positive behaviour support for people with ...

Behaviour that challenges usually happens for a reason and maybe the person's only way of communicating an unmet need. PBS helps us understand the reason for the behaviour sowe can better meet people's needs, enhance their qualityof life and reduce the likelihood that the behaviour will happen.' 1. Evidence required . 1.

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Open access Research Social support, social network and ...

reduction behaviours in children: a substudy of the School-EduSalt trial ... size and from a class with more friendship connections, as well as children having more friends within the class all showed higher SRB scores (all p<0.05). Children whose school teachers attended the intervention programme

    Author: Yuan Ma, Xiangxian Feng, Jun Ma, Feng J He, Haijun Wang, Jing Zhang, Wuxiang Xie, Tao Wu, Yunjian Yi...Get Price